Let's talk Gordon Setters

The glorious Gordon Setter! The pride of Scotland, this jet-black and brown-coated beauty is a fan favourite as both a companion and sporting breed. As soft on the inside as they appear on the outside, the Gordon Setter has an easygoing temperament and an exceedingly loyal outlook when it comes to those they spend time with. One glance into their big brown eyes and that docility comes shining through. Healthy and enduring, the Gordon Setter is a very active dog suitable for equally energetic owners.

Official name: Gordon Setter

Other names: Black and Tan, Scottish Setter

Origins: Scotland

Black and white portrait of a Gordon Setter
 Drooling tendencies

Very low

Warm weather? Medium
 Shedding level
Suited to apartment living? 
 Physical activity needs (high, low, medium): High Kid-friendly? 
Medium
 Compatibility with other pets Medium
Can stay alone?* Very low

We advise against leaving pets alone for long stretches.
Companionship can prevent emotional distress and destructive behaviour.
Speak to your veterinarian for recommendations.
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Illustration of a Gordon Setter
Male
61 - 67 cm Height
30 Weight
Female
58 - 66 cm Height
26 Weight

 

 Baby age  Birth to 2 months
 Puppy age  2 to 15 months
 Adult age  15 months to 5 years
 Mature age  5 to 8 years
 Senior age  from 8 years

Gordon Setter sat up with paws together on grass

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Get to know the Gordon Setter

All you need to know about the breed

A harmonious dog, the Gordon Setter possesses a host of attributes that reflect their aristocratic origins: Bred in the Scottish Highlands at Gordon Castle, the breed was originally developed as a hunting dog whose substantial corporeality has lasted to this day.

Setters draw their name from their sporty breeding, an instinct to “set” down when finding game. They’re said to combine “beauty, brains, and bird sense.” For the Gordon Setter, the triumvirate of terms fits to a T.

The Gordon Setter is noted for their elegant packaging, a consistently black, long-haired coat topped with chestnut or mahogany markings on their muzzle, paws, and lower legs. They’re the heaviest Setter, potentially reaching 65 pounds (30kg).

It’s not just their glossy coat and intellect that makes the Gordon Setter a win-win as a household pet. They are a relaxed dog, and confident in character, too. The Gordon Setter has a healthy constitution; given their active beginnings, they’ll need a few daily outings but they’re also hugely content to just hang around once inside. Setters also have a reputation as playful, which means you’re bound to have a puppy-like Gordon Setter, even into their golden years, and many fruitful times in the family pack.

Gordon Setter stood alert in a forest, leaves on the ground

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2 facts about Gordon Setters

1. Once in a blue moon

Although the Gordon Setter is widely known for their glorious ebony and chestnut colourings, a red Gordon is occasionally born to a set of black and tan parents. The cause: a recessive red gene making the dog’s colouring more of a dark chestnut. Although an anomaly on the outside, it’s still the same glorious Gordon Setter on the inside.

2. Coming of age

The Gordon Setter is one breed that’s slow to grow, known to reach full maturity at the age of three. Their extremely high energy level means they’ll romp and revel like a puppy all that time. Although fun for the children at home, once trained, their very upbeat behaviour is something to note. Gordon Setters are pretty nonstop; make sure you’ve got the energy to match.

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History of the breed

How fitting that a sophisticated breed like the Gordon Setter should have taken root in a royal setting. Although their lineage can be traced to 1620, it was the enthusiasm of Alexander Gordon, Fourth Duke of Gordon, who longed to refine the breed. Between 1770 and 1820, Gordon crossed flat-coated black and tan Collies, Bloodhounds, and black Pointers at his Gordon Castle kennel. The breed’s heavy, squared-off body was the ideal result to traverse the narrow crevices of the Scottish Highlands.

Originally called Black and Tan Setters then the Gordon Castle Setter, the American Kennel Club (AKC) changed the name to the Gordon Setter in 1892.

Formally recognised by the AKC in 1878 and the UK’s Kennel Club in 1949, numerous other clubs, such as the Gordon Setter Club of America, the Gordon Setter Association, and the Gordon Setter Club of Scotland, have also emerged from a love of the breed.

Black and white portrait of a Gordon Setter

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From head to tail

Physical characteristics of Gordon Setters

1. Ears

Long, low-set ears, pointed ends, well-fringed with fur.

2. Body

Medium-length body, slightly broad chest, muscular legs.

3. Coat

Exclusively black and tan coat, long hair, fringed at bottom.

Gordon Setter puppy laying on the grass

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Things to look out for

From specific breed traits to a general health overview, here are some interesting facts about your Gordon Setter
Close-up side view of a Gordon Setter

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Caring for your Gordon Setter

Grooming, training and exercise tips

Grooming the lustrous locks of the Gordon Setter on a regular basis will keep this graceful breed looking sleek. Although they don’t shed a lot, their long, glistening hair should be brushed a few times a week to prevent mats, the fringed hair on their feet, ears, and tail trimmed regularly as well. Clip nails and clean ears frequently, and brush their teeth often - daily if you can - for the best oral health. Another daily practice to adhere to: exercise. A breed like the Gordon Setter will take to it with ease - in the backyard, on a walk, a hike, or in the field for sport, or all of the above! The breed has a very high level of energy so the more outside time they get, the better. When it comes to training the Gordon Setter, think pleasurable experience all around. They take commands well, since the breed’s first instinct is to want to please their owner, to whom they bond very strongly. The Gordon Setter can be stubborn but is also very smart and learns quickly. Early socialisation classes will help form them into a well-mannered dog and a very faithful friend.

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All about Gordon Setters

Traits like unflagging loyalty and a high degree of attentiveness are the hallmarks of the Gordon Setter breed. Family is central to their world: the dog bonds very strongly to one person in particular, and very much needs to be part of the human pack. When looking for a breed to add to your brood, have a close look at the Gordon Setter.

As an extremely affectionate dog, the Gordon Setter is one to snuggle up at any given moment. Their calm temperament and desire to be by their owner’s side means cuddle sessions are frequent. The Gordon Setter is for sure a protector on the homefront, but this gentle dog will always take time out to curl up on the couch. If allowed, of course!

Other breeds that might interest you.

Sources

1 - Veterinary Centers of America https://vcahospitals.com/ 

2 - Royal Canin Dog Encyclopaedia. Ed 2010 and 2020

3 - Banfield Pet Hospital https://www.banfield.com/

4 - Royal Canin BHN Product Book

5 - American Kennel Club https://www.akc.org/