Persian adult in black and white


Despite their charming, musical voices, Persians prefer to communicate with their owners using their intelligent expressions.

About the Persian

The Persian has a sweet, gentle nature and is quiet and easy to live with. They are happy to be combed and petted by children, but are unlikely to join in boisterous games with them.

Persians are creatures of habit and prefer calm atmospheres and gentle handling. They like the security of being on the ground and don’t often climb. They eagerly play with toys, but are equally happy to lie quietly in a favourite spot.

Source: key facts and characteristics sourced from World Cat Congress (WCC)

Breed specifics

Size category
Avg life expectancy
12–17 years

Quiet / Calm / Sociable / Affectionate

Key facts

  • Best suited to quiet homes
  • Needs a lot of grooming
  • Best suited to indoor life
Persian adult in black and white

Origins of the breed

The world’s most prestigious cat breed owes its name, but not all its origin, to the fascinating empire of ancient Persia. It is not possible to be exact about the origins of the Persian cat. Most experts agree that long-haired cats are a result of a genetic mutation and the longhair variety of cat could be the result of mating between the European Wild Cat and Pallas’s Cat (the Steppe Cat). The wild Pallas cat was discovered around the area of the Caspian Sea and is also known in the steppes of Central Asia.

Long-haired cats were recorded in both Turkey and Persia as early as the 17th century. Today’s Persians are probably descended from a mixture of different breeds and are the result of the work of dedicated breeders over a very long period of time. Launched onto the scene at London’s Crystal Palace in 1871, the Persian’s ancestors moved in the highest spheres of European aristocracy; the breed has never been eclipsed since.

Health condition

Persians belong to the brachycephalic family that have as physical features a flat face and short nose due to their flat and wide skull shape. These anatomical attributes can cause some health issues like skin, eye and breathing problems as well as a poor ability to tolerate heat. For all brachycephalic breeds, we advise you to choose a cat with physical features that are not over-exaggerated, to buy from a responsible breeder and to seek counsels from your veterinarian.

Breed health illustration